Cyprus was an important producer of asbestos during Classical and, more so, Hellenistic-Roman times. During modern times, mining began in 1904 and the Asbestos Mine quickly became the biggest mine in Cyprus, employing the most workers and having a profound effect on the economic, technological and social development of the island. Here worked thousands of people, from all over the island, transforming it into an organised urban community, with a municipal authority, a church, a hospital, a school and many shops. The film records scenes involving many of those who worked at the mine, and who now tell their stories and describe working conditions there. In addition, we see footage from the arduous and costly work of restitution and reforestation of the area.