Around 1350 B.C. a man brought about a great upheaval in the history of Ancient Egypt. Amenophis IV ascended the throne and became a Pharaoh.
During his reign, which only lasted 17 years, he and his wife Nefertiti were the driving force behind a revolution. The various gods with their temples and their clergy were dispensed with. In their place Amenophis IV inaugurated a religion with only one god, Aton, whose only intermediary was Amenophis. The Pharaoh changed his name to Akhenaton and had a new capital built in the middle of the desert in honot of Aton, Amarna.
Art and representation were radically transformed. Moving away from traditiona imegery, there appeared a new kind of representation of the royal couple that placed them apart from the common mortals. A new trend was created, a trend that hurdly survived its creator. It left an indelible mark, however, on the history of art.